The process of scientific discovery is, in effect, a continual flight from wonder. – Albert Einstein These sweet, adorable pets that the world has come to know and love actually have an interesting history most people don’t know existed.
Scientists date the first findings of the earliest rodent fossils (closely resembling the guinea pig) back 57 million years ago.
They believe the guinea pig appeared in South America about 20 million years ago and became part of the Caviidae family of rodents.
I believe in the guinea pig fossil remains to be from approximately, at the most 10,000 years ago which I believe was the beginning of creation.
The modern guinea pig could have evolved over the years slightly but not just popped out of no where. The domestic guinea pig has been living in South America for thousands of years as well as living among humans.
Their wild relatives are found in the wild grasslands, as well as deserts, and the high altitudes of the Andes Mountains. The beginning of Guinea pigs as pets started after the conquest of the Incan Empire.
After the Spanish came over from Europe in the mid-1500s, Dutch merchants brought back animals of many kinds; among them were cavies (guinea pigs).
The Spanish brought them back to Europe where they grew immensely popular among aristocrats during the 1600s. Queen Elizabeth I even kept one as a pet.
Over the years Europeans have been breeding guinea pigs and having British immigrants bring them over to America.
The guinea pig as a pet grew even more popular as breeds became more diverse.
Some cavies now have curly hair, long hair, short hair, being black, brown, orange, or white in color.
This breeding of guinea pigs had to be controlled.
An organization was established in 1910 to deal with American breeders.
The National Pet Stock Association was formed to deal with rabbits, guinea pigs and hamsters.
This group then split up in 1923 and was renamed American Rabbit and Cavy Breeders Association.
Cavy breeders decided to branch off from the rabbit industry in 1952 only to return in the latter years to the American Association of Rabbit Breeders once again.
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